Who brought black pepper in India?
When da Gama arrived in Calicut, the existing Arab traders who were fluent in Arabic and Spanish asked him what had brought him there. “Christians and spices,” he declared. His successful voyage was the start of 450 years of Portuguese colonialism over India.
How did pepper come to India?
Chilies were brought from South America to India by the Protuguese through their trading colony of Goa. India is now the largest producer and exporter of chilies in the world, growing a wide variety of different types. In India two types of pepper existed before the arrival of chili pepper – Black pepper and Pippali.
When did pepper arrive in India?
A new study has, for the first time, thrown light on when and from where black pepper (Piper nigrum) had come to India. The species arrived into India from Southeast Asia during the Miocene Age (23 million to 5 million years ago).
Who is queen of spices?
Cardamom or Elettaria Cardamomum Maton is one of the most highly prized and exotic spices and rightly deserves the name “queen of spices”. It is also commonly referred to as the “green cardamom” or the “true cardamom”, and belongs to the family of ginger.
What did Indians eat before Peppers?
cumin, coriander, black pepper, nutmeg, garlic, shallots, ginger, turmeric, star anise, cinnamon, cardamom, daun salam leaves etc were/are all present in India. Some or all of these could have travelled or have been present in India before chilli.
Did chillies originate in India?
After the Portuguese arrival in India, chillies were first introduced to Goa, from where they spread to South India. … Today, India is the largest producer of red dried chilli in the world. A second wave of adopting plants originating in the Americas occurred with a push from the British.
How did Tomato come to India?
India. The tomato arrived in India by the way of Portuguese explorers, in the 16th century. It was grown from the 18th century onwards for the British.
Where does black pepper grow in India?
Black pepper is cultivated to a large extent in Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and to a limited extent in Maharashtra, North eastern states and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Kerala and Karnataka account for a major portion of production of black pepper in the country.