Quick Answer: Which is the first high court in India?


Who established high courts in India?

The Indian High Courts Act 1861 (24 & 25 Vict. c. 104) was an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom to authorize the Crown to create High Courts in the Indian colony. Queen Victoria created the High Courts in Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay by Letters Patent in 1862.

What is the full form of PIL?

Public interest litigation is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals. Public interest cases may arise from both public and private law matters.

Who is the first judge of high court?

Supreme Court of India (1950–present)

No. Name (birth–death) Bar
1 Harilal Jekisundas Kania (1890–1951) Bombay High Court
2 Mandakolathur Patanjali Sastri (1889–1963) Madras High Court
3 Mehr Chand Mahajan (1889–1967) Lahore High Court
4 Bijan Kumar Mukherjea (1891–1956) Calcutta High Court

Who established first Indian Supreme Court?

The Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William in Calcutta (Kolkata), was founded in 1774 by the Regulating Act of 1773.

Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William
Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William, c. 1786
Established October 22, 1774
Dissolved 1862
Location Calcutta

Who built Madras High Court?

The Supreme Courts at Madras and Bombay was established by King George – III on 26 December 1800 and on 8 December 1823 respectively.

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Who is the chairman of High Court?

The Committee consists of a sitting Judge of Hon’ble High Court, who is Chairman and 10 members nominated by the Hon’ble Chief Justice of High Court.


Names From To
Hon’ble Shri. Justice P. Vishwanatha Shetty 01.07.2002 07.10.2004
Hon’ble Shri. Justice K.L. Manjunath 08.10.2004 24.03.2010