Why was India so important to the British Empire?

When was India important to British Empire?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.

Why was India such a precious colony for the British?

They had all sorts of goods that the British wanted. These included things like spices, textiles, cotton, and the opium that the British would sell in China to be able to buy tea. Because India had so many people and so much wealth, it was the “jewel in the crown” of the British Empire.

Was India the most important British colony?

India became the empire’s most valuable possession, “the Jewel in the Crown”, and was the most important source of Britain’s strength.

Did India benefit from the British Empire?

Some recent research suggests that British rule did little for India in economic terms. Britain gained hugely from ruling India, but most of the wealth created was not invested back into the country. … India’s population only grew by about 1% per year, which also suggests there was not much economic growth.

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Why did UK leave India?

Due to the Naval Mutiny, Britain decided to leave India in a hurry because they were afraid that if the mutiny spread to the army and police, there would be large scale killing of Britishers all over India. … Had they not supported the British at that time, Britain would have had to leave India in 1857.

What impact did the British Empire have on India?

They forced the commercialisation of agriculture with the growing of various cash crops and the raw materials for the industries in the Britain. With the strong political control, the British were able to monopolise the trade with India. They defeated their foreign rivals in trade so that there could be no competition.

What was India like before British rule?

Before the advent of colonial rule, India was a self-sufficient and flourishing economy. Evidently, our country was popularly known as the golden eagle. India had already established itself on the world map with a decent amount of exports.

Was India rich before British rule?

From 1 century CE till the start of British colonisation in India in 17th century, India’s GDP always varied between ~25 – 35% world’s total GDP, which dropped to 2% by Independence of India in 1947. At the same time, the Britain’s share of the world economy rose from 2.9% in 1700 up to 9% in 1870 alone.

What good did British do to India?

So let’s take a look at 7 Good Things The British Did For India And Indians!

  • English language. The reason they taught English to the Indians was to have an ease of administration. …
  • Indian Railways. …
  • Army. …
  • Vaccination. …
  • Social reforms. …
  • India census. …
  • Surveying India.
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How did the British treat India?

They legally and socially discriminated against Indians and people of mixed race, who were also shunned by Indian people. They forced Indian farmers into a global market and mandated the growth of commercial crops, which left them open to the ups and downs of supply and demand.

What bad things did the British do to India?

Up to 35 million died unnecessarily in famines; London ate India’s bread while India starved, and in 1943 nearly four million Bengalis died. It was their own fault, according to the odious Churchill, for “breeding like rabbits”. Collectively, these famines amounted to a “British colonial holocaust”.