What was India’s nickname during imperialism?
British Raj (rāj, lit. “rule” in Hindi) or British India, officially the British Indian Empire, and internationally and contemporaneously, India, is the term used synonymously for the region, the rule, and the period, from 1858 to 1947, of the British Empire on the Indian subcontinent.
What is an Indian soldiers serving under British command called?
Frequency: An indigenous soldier serving in the army of a foreign conqueror, especially an Indian soldier serving under British command in India.
What did the British call India during imperialism?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
Who were the sepoys and why did they rebel?
Most of the sepoys hoped to restore Mughal rule under Bahadur Shah. But the inhabitants of Oudh wanted their Nawab back, and the people of Jhansi wanted their old state restored. The revolt was also divided on religious lines. Most sepoys were Hindus, but other rebels were Muslims fighting a holy war.
What is an Indian servant called?
In India, they were cared for by an ayah. There were other types of servant that a family might have. They might have a khansama (cook), a mali (gardener), a bearer (waiter) and khitmagar (butler). There might also be a doodh-wallah (brought milk to the house) and pani-wallah (brought water to the house).
What nickname was given to the Indian colony Why?
The British nicknamed India the brightest “star in the sky,” because India was the most valuable of all of Britain’s colonies. The British nicknamed India the brightest “jewel in the crown,” because India was the most valuable of all of Britain’s colonies.
What is the meaning of the word sepoys?
: a native of India employed as a soldier by a European power.
When did India get colonized?
Only a few years later, near the end of the 15th century, Portuguese sailor Vasco da Gama became the first European to re-establish direct trade links with India since Roman times by being the first to arrive by circumnavigating Africa (c. 1497–1499).
|EIC in India||1612–1757|
|Partition of India||1947–|
What was the jewel in the British crown during imperialism?
Yet India, “the brightest jewel in the British crown,” was held not by consent but by conquest. The Indian Mutiny of 1857–58 was suppressed, and a year later the East India Company was abolished and the new title of viceroy was instituted.
What did the British refer to India as?
The British viewed India as its most valuable colony. … These included things like spices, textiles, cotton, and the opium that the British would sell in China to be able to buy tea. Because India had so many people and so much wealth, it was the “jewel in the crown” of the British Empire.
What type of imperialism occurred in India?
The second period of English imperialism started in August of 1858 when the British monarchy assumed direct control of India from the East India Company. This established a full colonial government, where British officials run the countries affairs, in India. This is known as colonial imperialism.
What was India called before British rule?
“Hindustan”, as the term Hindu itself, entered the English language in the 17th century. In the 19th century, the term as used in English referred to the Subcontinent. “Hindustan” was in use simultaneously with “India” during the British Raj.